Range: Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Uganda
The mountain gorilla, (gorilla beringei beringei) is one of the rarest gorilla species. It occurs in only two known populations within three Africa countries, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Uganda. These two gorilla populations live
almost entirely within four national parks.
One of the gorilla population is spread around the extinct volcanoes of the
Virunga Massif (450km²), which constitute a single contiguous area of mountain gorilla habitat over the three borders. These gorillas are protected within three gazetted national parks officially within Virunga National Park in the DRC, Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in Uganda.
The second population is found mainly in southwest Uganda, in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park (331km²), on the border with DRC. The two areas are separated by 25 km of farmland (Sarmiento, E.E., Butynski, T.M., Kalina, J. 1996).
Mountain gorillas have been well studied over years and conservation efforts have started yielding positive results. These great apes are well protected though they are still facing various threats.
About Mountain Gorillas
Known to the scientists on 17 October 1902, presently there are approximately 880 mountain gorillas in the whole world and is a subspecies of eastern. Mountain gorillas live in forests high in the mountains, at elevations of 8,000 to 13,000 feet. They have longer hair, jaws and teeth, but slightly shorter arms, than the other subspecies, the eastern lowland gorilla. Adult males grow a patch of silver hair on their back and hips, giving them the name 'silverback'.